Term Life Insurance
Term Life insurance is life insurance that you pay for during a specified length of time or term – generally one to 30 years. You select the amount of the death benefit or face value to meet your needs.
Term policies are generally designed with a maximum issue age that limits the issuer’s exposure to risk to an insured population that is below a predetermined maximum age limit. Generally, term insurance becomes less available and more expensive as you grow older.
Premiums, or payments, which can be the same amount
There are some term products still on the market that have a return of premium option. These products give you back your total premium payments in one lump sum when the policies expire. The disadvantage of these policies is that their premiums are generally in the neighborhood of 50% higher than the premiums for traditional term policies.
Universal Life Insurance
Universal Life is permanent insurance that has the potential to accumulate cash value. However, it offers additional features and options. For example, you can increase or decrease your policy’s face amount to accommodate your changing protection needs. You can also increase or decrease the dollar amount of your premium payments and make additional lump sum payments to your policy (within limits set by the IRS). Since a Universal Life policy accrues cash value, you can borrow against its cash account for any purpose.
For a higher premium cost, indexed universal life policies allow you to select a payout option that gives your beneficiary the face amount of the policy plus its accumulated cash value.
You have the option to skip premium payments if your account has accrued sufficient value.
An indexed Universal Life policy also has the potential to earn a higher rate of return than a whole life policy, although there is also a risk that your rate of return could drop. Many indexed universal life policies have riders available for an additional premium charge that protects your principal investment and guarantee a minimum rate of return. Ask your agent about how an indexed policy works before you decide to own one. Your agent can look at the market and select a policy with index crediting strategies and rider guarantees that balance your risk tolerance with your desired participation in the underlying index.
Whole Life Insurance
Whole Life Insurance is life insurance that you own for your entire lifetime. The amount of the death benefit (policy face value) can be selected to meet your needs.
Premiums payments are fixed and can be paid monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually. As more premiums are paid, your policy accumulates a cash value that grows on a tax differed basis. In essence, choosing a whole life is like buying a house versus renting it. The monthly cost is higher than it would be for a term life policy, but with each payment you make you gain equity. Its cash value is an asset on your personal financial statement.
You can borrow against a Whole Life policy for any purpose. Loans, however, require you to pay interest and any borrowed amount you do not pay back is deducted from the payout to your beneficiary at the time of your death.
There are three types of companies that issue whole life policies: stock companies that are owned by their stockholders; fraternal benefit associations; and mutual companies that are owned by their policyholders. Mutual companies and fraternal benefit associations may pay dividends to their whole life policyholders in addition to the interest credited in the policy cash accounts. Stock companies pay dividends to their stockholders, not to their whole life policyholders.
Whole life policies can be structured to be paid up within a specified time frame, or you can own them with a single lump-sum premium payment. Although the premiums are higher for these options, the long term benefits of policy ownership can be substantial. Cash values generally accumulate faster within these policies, payment periods are shorter and total cost may be substantially less than lifetime payments. These policies are best suited for a variety of retirement, estate preservation, legacy, and business life insurance strategies.
Final Expense Insurance
Your family means the world to you. The last thing you want is to leave them with major expenses after you’re gone. Final Expense insurance is life insurance that helps provide the money you need to pay medical bills, funeral expenses, legal fees or unpaid bills that remain when your income is no longer in the picture. (Even if you are retired, your household’s Social Security income will be significantly reduced.) It is an insurance policy that can protect your loved ones from the immediate financial impacts of your passing away.
There are few things more deeply moving than dealing with a family that has to borrow money or solicit donations to pay funeral costs following the loss of a loved one. You can see their grief multiplied by financial stress and a sense of frustration.
Final expense policies can be issued in small face amounts with simplified underwriting. They can be tailored to almost any budget. Please be aware that some companies are selling term policies with banded premiums and increasing premium whole life policies and promoting them to cover final expenses. These policies do serve a useful purpose in the market, but they are often misunderstood by their purchasers. If you live a long life, generally past the age of 80 or 85, these policies become unaffordable for most people, or simply cease to be renewable.
Generally, a final expense policy should be a level premium whole life policy that will be affordable as long as you own it, and will be there when your family needs it. Term life and banded premium final expense products with lower premium cost per $1,000 of insurance, can be used in earlier retirement years to provide much needed additional benefits to your loved ones who will suffer a substantial loss of household income. By planning ahead, you can protect your loved ones from unnecessary financial losses when you die.